What is Hepatitis?

Hepatitis refers to an inflammatory condition of the liver. It is commonly the result of a viral infection such as hepatitis B and C but also from heavy alcohol use, toxins, some medications, and certain medical conditions.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is an infection caused by hepatitis B. This type of hepatitis is often an ongoing, chronic condition transmitted by contact with HBV in body fluids, such as blood, vaginal secretions, or semen.

The tiniest amount can cause an infection and make you sick. It can also be transmitted through childbirth from an infected mother, sex with an infected person, sharing personal items like toothbrushes, etc.

Hepatitis B attacks the liver and can cause acute and chronic liver disease, including cancer.

Signs and Symptoms of Hepatitis B

The signs and symptoms of hepatitis range from mild to severe, and they usually appear about one to four months after infection, although you could see them as early as two weeks post-infection. Some people, generally young children, may not have any symptoms.

Hepatitis B signs and symptoms may include:

  1. Abdominal pain
  2. Dark urine
  3. Fever
  4. Joint pain
  5. Loss of appetite
  6. Nausea and vomiting
  7. Weakness and fatigue
  8. Yellowing of your skin and the whites of your eyes (jaundice)

Complications of hepatitis

Because hepatitis affects the liver, people with chronic hepatitis B are at risk of:

  • chronic liver disease
  • cirrhosis
  • liver cancer

When your liver stops functioning normally, liver failure can occur. Complications of liver failure include:

  • bleeding disorders
  • a buildup of fluid in your abdomen, known as ascites
  • increased blood pressure in portal veins that enter your liver, known as portal hypertension
  • kidney failure
  • hepatic encephalopathy, which can involve fatigue, memory loss, and diminished mental abilities
  • hepatocellular carcinoma, which is a form of liver cancer
  • death

Tips to reduce exposure to hepatitis B

  • not sharing needles
  • not sharing razors
  • not using someone else’s toothbrush
  • not touching spilled blood
  • Using barrier methods, such as condoms and dental dams, during sexual activity can help decrease the risk of infection.
  • Being health conscious

Conclusion

If you think you have signs or symptoms of hepatitis B, contact your doctor or use the Mobihealth consult app to get instant access to a professional healthcare provider.

Sign up on App.mobihealthinternational.com today and get one month’s free trial using the promo code MHI2022.

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