facts about Monkeypox Virus

Following the recent monkeypox virus outbreak, here are some interesting facts about Monkeypox virus that we should know.

Monkeypox is a rare disease caused by infection with the monkeypox virus. Monkeypox virus belongs to the Orthopoxvirus genus variola virus (which causes smallpox), vaccinia virus (used in the smallpox vaccine), and cowpox virus. It has been around for a long time, but only in 1970 did it cause disease in humans. 

Four facts about Monkeypox Virus

  • Monkeypox is a zoonotic virus, meaning it spreads from animals to humans.
  • Monkeypox starts with fever, then general body aches, malaise, and muscle aches.
  • The incubation period for monkeypox is usually 7 to 14 days, but it can range from 5 to 21 days.
  • The monkeypox virus is transmitted to people from infected animals, entering through cuts in the skin, the respiratory tract, or the mucous membranes around the eyes or in the nose and mouth.

Monkeypox in Europe

  • 99% of cases reported in males
  • Most are between 21 and 40 years old.

Although we are advised not to panic, many have wondered about the mysterious virus, its causes, symptoms, and treatment.


Monkeypox virus is transmitted when one comes in contact with an animal or a person infected with the monkeypox virus. Animal-to-person transmission occurs through broken skin, bites, scratches, or direct contact with an infected animal’s blood, bodily fluids, etc.

Signs and symptoms of Monkeypox Virus

Early signs of monkeypox include flu-like symptoms such as:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Fatigue
  • Swollen lymph nodes

After one to three days, a rash with raised bumps develops. The Monkeypox rash often starts on your face and then spreads to other parts of your body, including the palms of your hands and soles of your feet. These monkeypox rashes often begin as flat, red bumps. The bumps turn into blisters filled with pus. After several days, the blisters crust over and fall off.

Monkeypox treatment

There’s currently no proven, safe treatment available for monkeypox. Antiviral drugs may help. However, they have not been considered a treatment for monkeypox. Your doctor will monitor your condition and try to relieve your symptoms. Most people get better on their own without treatment.


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How to prevent the monkeypox virus

Tips to help prevent the fast spread of monkeypox:

  • Avoid contact with infected or dead animals.
  • Avoid contact with beddings contaminated with the virus.
  • Wash your hands with soap and water after coming into contact with an infected animal.
  • Cook all foods that contain animal meat or parts properly.
  • Avoid contact with people infected with the virus.
  • Use personal protective equipment like face shields when caring for infected persons.

How long does monkeypox last?

Monkeypox usually takes about two to four weeks to run its course.


Are you or someone you know showing these symptoms?

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